What can we help you with?

P 02 9391 7000
E records@woollahra.nsw.gov.au
536 New South Head Road, Double Bay NSW 2028

Contact us

Bushland and Biodiversity

In This Section

What is biodiversity?

Sunshine WattleBiodiversity is:

The variety of all living things, including plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems of which they form a part. It is not static, but is constantly changing. It is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes and reduced by processes such as habitat degradation, population decline, and extinction.

— National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia's Biological Diversity (Department of Environment (then DEST) 1996)

Ecosystem Elements in Woollahra

Habitat elements

Despite its small size, level of development and proximity to a major city, the Woollahra municipality contains a diverse range of ecosystem elements. Ecosystem elements and habitat types include:

Threatened and Vulnerable Species

Little Penguin

Due to the range of habitat areas, and the sections of remnant native bushland, Woollahra provides feeding grounds, shelter, nesting and transport corridors for a range of threatened and vulnerable species.

Listed fauna species include:

  • Little Penguin (Eudalypta minor)
  • Sooty Oystercatcher (Haematopus fuliginosus)
  • Common (Eastern) Bentwing Bat
  • Southern Myotis (Myotis macropus)
  • Powerful Owl (Ninox strenua)
  • Common Scaly Foot (lizard) (pygopus lepidopodus)
  • Grey-headed Flying Fox (Pteropus poliocephalus)
  • Greater Broad Nosed Bat (Scoteanax rueppellii)
  • New Holland Mouse (Pseudomys novahollaniae)
  • Water-Rat (Hydromys chrysogaster)
  • Red Crowned Toadlet (Pseudophryne australis)
  • Seahorse (Syngnathidae) Hippocampus spp.

Listed flora species include:

  • Sunshine Wattle (Acacia terminalis subsp, terminalis)
  • Nielsen Park She-Oak (Allocasuarina portuensis)
  • Magenta Cherry (Syzigium paniculatum)
  • Posidonia Australis (Seagrass)

Why is biodiversity important?

Examples of how urban biodiversity can provide ecosystem services to the residents of Woollahra include:

Carbon sequestration urban trees remove carbon dioxide from the air and act as a sink by storing carbon in their biomass
Air pollution removal in particular ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide by large street trees and other vegetation
Microclimate regulation vegetation and waterway areas reduce the heat island effect; trees also keep cities warmer in winter by blocking wind and reducing wind speed
Flood regulation vegetated areas can store large quantities of water and slow water movement, thus reducing flood damage
Noise abatement vegetation belts act as barriers for traffic noise along roads
Recreational values natural areas are highly valued for opportunities to play and exercise
Aesthetic values natural areas provide attractive surroundings, increase property values, promote tourism, and may even shape the cultural identity of urban localities
Educational values easily accessible natural areas provide numerous opportunities for nature study, research and environmental education through field trips and excursions.
Health and Well-being General health, Increased social interaction, Management of mental fatigue, Opportunities for reflection
Economic Values Many commercial interests rely on the natural environment for their products and services e.g. kayak hire, sailing clubs, waterfront cafes

Get involvedwith our bushland and biodiversity projectsFind out more

Biodiversity Conservation Strategy

In 2015 Council completed its Draft Woollahra Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2015-2025. This Strategy represents the first documentation of the strategic direction of Council to conserve the valuable flora and fauna within the Woollahra municipality.

Download the documents here:

Woollahra Biodiversity Conservation Strategy  2015-2025 (12 MB)

Woollahra Biodiversity Conservation Strategy  2015-2025 - Appendices (3 MB)

Our Biodiversity Targets

TreeplantingCrwksCouncil has developed an Environmental Sustainability Action Plan (ESAP) which details Council’s targets and commitments in relation to five key priority action areas (energy & emissions, water, biodiversity, waste, transport).

Our biodiversity targets are:

  • 75% of bushland under regeneration by 2025
  • 40% of bushland fully regenerated by 2025
  • Increased, or maintained urban forest (ha) [measured every 5 years]

Read the full Environmental Sustainability Action Plan.

Our Projects

seahorse_silhouette_250Council is undertaking a range of projects to protect our local flora and fauna and to ensure the biological health of our local area.

Upcoming Events View more events



    Sign up to one of our e-newsletters to stay up to date.

    Back to Top
    Share